greenDAO数据库升级

在使用greenDAO作为本地数据库操作时,会发现数据库升级无从下手,于是从爆栈网的答案中整理出了以下数据库升级方式的代码,感谢国外网友。

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public class MigrationHelper {
private static final String CONVERSION_CLASS_NOT_FOUND_EXCEPTION =
"MIGRATION HELPER - CLASS DOESN'T MATCH WITH THE CURRENT PARAMETERS";
private static MigrationHelper instance;
public static MigrationHelper getInstance() {
if (instance == null) {
instance = new MigrationHelper();
}
return instance;
}
public void migrate(Database db, Class<? extends AbstractDao<?, ?>>... daoClasses) {
generateTempTables(db, daoClasses);
DaoMaster.dropAllTables(db, true);
DaoMaster.createAllTables(db, false);
restoreData(db, daoClasses);
}
private void generateTempTables(Database db, Class<? extends AbstractDao<?, ?>>... daoClasses) {
for (int i = 0; i < daoClasses.length; i++) {
DaoConfig daoConfig = new DaoConfig(db, daoClasses[i]);
String divider = "";
String tableName = daoConfig.tablename;
String tempTableName = daoConfig.tablename.concat("_TEMP");
ArrayList<String> properties = new ArrayList<>();
StringBuilder createTableStringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
createTableStringBuilder.append("CREATE TABLE ").append(tempTableName).append(" (");
for (int j = 0; j < daoConfig.properties.length; j++) {
String columnName = daoConfig.properties[j].columnName;
if (getColumns(db, tableName).contains(columnName)) {
properties.add(columnName);
String type = null;
try {
type = getTypeByClass(daoConfig.properties[j].type);
} catch (Exception exception) {
}
createTableStringBuilder.append(divider).append(columnName).append(" ").append(type);
if (daoConfig.properties[j].primaryKey) {
createTableStringBuilder.append(" PRIMARY KEY");
}
divider = ",";
}
}
createTableStringBuilder.append(");");
db.execSQL(createTableStringBuilder.toString());
StringBuilder insertTableStringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
insertTableStringBuilder.append("INSERT INTO ").append(tempTableName).append(" (");
insertTableStringBuilder.append(TextUtils.join(",", properties));
insertTableStringBuilder.append(") SELECT ");
insertTableStringBuilder.append(TextUtils.join(",", properties));
insertTableStringBuilder.append(" FROM ").append(tableName).append(";");
db.execSQL(insertTableStringBuilder.toString());
}
}
private void restoreData(Database db, Class<? extends AbstractDao<?, ?>>... daoClasses) {
for (int i = 0; i < daoClasses.length; i++) {
DaoConfig daoConfig = new DaoConfig(db, daoClasses[i]);
String tableName = daoConfig.tablename;
String tempTableName = daoConfig.tablename.concat("_TEMP");
ArrayList<String> properties = new ArrayList();
for (int j = 0; j < daoConfig.properties.length; j++) {
String columnName = daoConfig.properties[j].columnName;
if (getColumns(db, tempTableName).contains(columnName)) {
properties.add(columnName);
}
}
StringBuilder insertTableStringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
insertTableStringBuilder.append("INSERT INTO ").append(tableName).append(" (");
insertTableStringBuilder.append(TextUtils.join(",", properties));
insertTableStringBuilder.append(") SELECT ");
insertTableStringBuilder.append(TextUtils.join(",", properties));
insertTableStringBuilder.append(" FROM ").append(tempTableName).append(";");
StringBuilder dropTableStringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
dropTableStringBuilder.append("DROP TABLE ").append(tempTableName);
db.execSQL(insertTableStringBuilder.toString());
db.execSQL(dropTableStringBuilder.toString());
}
}
private String getTypeByClass(Class<?> type) throws Exception {
if (type.equals(String.class)) {
return "TEXT";
}
if (type.equals(Long.class) || type.equals(Integer.class) || type.equals(long.class)) {
return "INTEGER";
}
if (type.equals(Boolean.class)) {
return "BOOLEAN";
}
Exception exception =
new Exception(CONVERSION_CLASS_NOT_FOUND_EXCEPTION.concat(" - Class: ").concat(type.toString()));
throw exception;
}
private static List<String> getColumns(Database db, String tableName) {
List<String> columns = new ArrayList<>();
Cursor cursor = null;
try {
cursor = db.rawQuery("SELECT * FROM " + tableName + " limit 1", null);
if (cursor != null) {
columns = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(cursor.getColumnNames()));
}
} catch (Exception e) {
Log.v(tableName, e.getMessage(), e);
e.printStackTrace();
} finally {
if (cursor != null) cursor.close();
}
return columns;
}
}

使用方式:

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public class MyOpenHelper extends DaoMaster.OpenHelper {
public MyOpenHelper(Context context, String name, SQLiteDatabase.CursorFactory factory) {
super(context, name, factory);
}
@Override public void onUpgrade(Database db, int oldVersion, int newVersion) {
Log.i("greenDAO",
"Upgrading schema from version " + oldVersion + " to " + newVersion + " by migrating all tables data");
// 第二个参数为要升级的Dao文件.
MigrationHelper.getInstance().migrate(db, xxxDao.class);
}
}

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